Orthetrum monardi Schmidt, 1951
Woodland Skimmer

Type locality: Bissau, Guinea-Bissau


Male is similar to O. microstigma by (a) thorax without whitish stripes; (b) Pt usually shorter than 3 mm, 9.5% of Hw length or less; (c) membranule dark; (d) Hw base with yellow or amber patch; (e) lobe of hamule very low and obtuse, space between it and hook at most right-angled notch. However, differs by (1) being restricted to savanna and woodland; (2) smaller size, Hw 25-31 mm; (3) labium and labrum all pale, rather than partly black; (4) Hw base at most pale amber; (5) subcostal Ax and Pt usually pale rather than dark; (6) hook of hamule narrow and triangular, usually bent forward rather than outward. [Adapted from Dijkstra & Clausnitzer 2014]

Habitat description

Standing and often temporary waters, headwater streams, seeps and springs in open landscapes. Often with emergent and usually aquatic vegetation, and a soft (like muddy) bottom. Inferred to occur from 0 to 1800 m above sea level, but mostly below 1400.


confirmed: Angola; Benin; Burkina Faso; Cameroon; Central African Republic; Democratic Republic of the Congo; Ethiopia; Gambia; Ghana; Guinee-Bissau; Kenya; Liberia; Nigeria; Republic of South Africa; Sierra Leone; Tanzania; Uganda; Zambia; NOT confirmed: Côte d'Ivoire; Republic of Guinea

Male & female © Allan Brandon

Abdominal segment 2 (lateral view)

Map citation: Clausnitzer, V., K.-D.B. Dijkstra, R. Koch, J.-P. Boudot, W.R.T. Darwall, J. Kipping, B. Samraoui, M.J. Samways, J.P. Simaika & F. Suhling, 2012. Focus on African Freshwaters: hotspots of dragonfly diversity and conservation concern. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment 10: 129-134.

Barcode specimen(s):

Male; Liberia, Nimba County, Yekepa © Dijkstra, K.-D.B.

Male; Tanzania, Kigoma Region, Lower Malagarasi Basin © Dijkstra, K.-D.B.

Male; Tanzania, Kigoma Region, Lower Malagarasi Basin © Dijkstra, K.-D.B.


  • Schmidt, E. (1951). Libellen aus Portugiesisch Guinea, mit Bemerkungen über andere aethiopische Odonaten. Arquivos Museu Bocage, 20, 125-200. [PDF file]
  • Lieftinck, M.A. (1969). Odonates Anisoptères - Odonata Anisoptera. Explor. hydrob. Lac Bangweolo and Luapula, 14, 1-64. [PDF file]
  • Pinhey, E.C.G. (1971). Odonata collected in Republique Centre-Africaine by R. Pujol. Arnoldia, 5, 1-16. [PDF file]
  • Longfield, C. (1955). The Odonata of N. Angola. Part I. Publicacoes culturais Companhia Diamantes Angola, 27, 11-63. [PDF file]

Citation: Dijkstra, K.-D.B (editor). African Dragonflies and Damselflies Online. http://addo.adu.org.za/ [2024-07-25].