Orthetrum camerunense Gambles, 1959
- scientific: O. caffrum (Burmeister, 1839) ssp. camerunense
Type locality: Bamenda, Cameroon
Male is similar to O. caffrum by (a) thorax with 1-3 contrasting whitish stripes on each side, each one with dark border on anterior or both sides; (b) when stripes are faint or invisible due to pruinosity, then labium and labrum all pale, lobe of hamule low and Abd always shorter than Hw; (c) wings clear around nodes; (d) metepimeral carina at most with posterior corner marked with black. Dorsal carina of Abd without black; (e) mesepimeral whitish stripe lies against humeral suture; (f) hook of hamule turned forward, lobe rounded. However, differs by (1) ranging from W Kenya to Katanga and Cameroon; (2) only stripe on mesepimeron distinct; that on metepimeron may be hinted by whitish wash, but is not dark-bordered; (3) yellow at Hw base deep, extends at least halfway to Cux and into several cells of anal field; (4) hook of hamule with raised posterior border. [Adapted from Dijkstra & Clausnitzer 2014; this diagnosis not yet verified by author]
Seeps, springs and headwaters (probably often temporary), but possibly also standing waters and larger streams, in open landscapes and open areas in forest. Usually with emergent vegetation and often a soft (like muddy) bottom. From 900 to 2600 m above sea level.
Abdominal segment 2 (lateral view)
Map citation: Clausnitzer, V., K.-D.B. Dijkstra, R. Koch, J.-P. Boudot, W.R.T. Darwall, J. Kipping, B. Samraoui, M.J. Samways, J.P. Simaika & F. Suhling, 2012. Focus on African Freshwaters: hotspots of dragonfly diversity and conservation concern. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment 10: 129-134.
- Gambles, R.M. (1959). A new species of Orthetrum (Odon., Libellulidae) from the Bamenda Highlands, British Cameroons. Entomologists Monthly Magazine, 95, 44-46. [PDF file]
Citation: Dijkstra, K.-D.B (editor). African Dragonflies and Damselflies Online. http://addo.adu.org.za/ [2020-08-09].