Orthetrum brunneum (Fonscolombe, 1837)
Type locality: Provence, France
For the identification of this species, please refer to: Dijkstra, K.-D.B. & R. Lewington, 2006. Field guide to the Dragonflies of Britain and Europe. British Wildlife Publishing. 1-320.
Mostly seeps and springs, but also (headwater) streams, all often temporary, in open landscapes. Probably especially calmer sections (like pools) with a soft (like muddy) bottom. From 0 to 1500 m above sea level.
Map citation: Clausnitzer, V., K.-D.B. Dijkstra, R. Koch, J.-P. Boudot, W.R.T. Darwall, J. Kipping, B. Samraoui, M.J. Samways, J.P. Simaika & F. Suhling, 2012. Focus on African Freshwaters: hotspots of dragonfly diversity and conservation concern. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment 10: 129-134.
- de Fonscolombe, M.B. (1837). Annales Societe Entomologique France, 6, 129-50.
- Longfield, C. (1955). The Odonata of N. Angola. Part I. Publicacoes culturais Companhia Diamantes Angola, 27, 11-63. [PDF file]
Citation: Dijkstra, K.-D.B (editor). African Dragonflies and Damselflies Online. http://addo.adu.org.za/ [2020-06-01].