Hemicordulia africana Dijkstra, 2007
African Emerald


  • scientific: H. asiatica sensu Pinhey, 1961 nec (Selys, 1878)

Type locality: Katera Forest, Masaka, Uganda


The only species currently recognised in this genus in Africa. Please refer to the genus diagnosis and introduction for more information.

Habitat description

Standing waters, but possibly also streams, shaded by (gallery) forest. Probably especially calm sections in streams or pools in stream beds with blackwater, submerged roots, coarse detritus and a sandy and/or soft (like muddy) bottom. From 0 to 1600 m above sea level.


confirmed: Malawi; Mozambique; Republic of South Africa; Tanzania; Uganda

Female © Warwick Tarboton

Appendages (dorsal view)

Appendages (lateral view)

Secondary genitalia (lateral view)

Vulvar scale (ventral view)

Map citation: Clausnitzer, V., K.-D.B. Dijkstra, R. Koch, J.-P. Boudot, W.R.T. Darwall, J. Kipping, B. Samraoui, M.J. Samways, J.P. Simaika & F. Suhling, 2012. Focus on African Freshwaters: hotspots of dragonfly diversity and conservation concern. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment 10: 129-134.


  • Dijkstra, K-D.B. (2007). Gone with the wind: westward dispersal across the Indian Ocean and island speciation in Hemicordulia dragonflies (Odonata: Corduliidae). Zootaxa, 1438, 27-48. [PDF file]
  • Pinhey, E.C.G. (1966). Check-list of dragonflies (Odonata) from Malawi, with description of a new Teinobasis Kirby. Arnoldia, 2, 1-24. [PDF file]

Citation: Dijkstra, K.-D.B (editor). African Dragonflies and Damselflies Online. http://addo.adu.org.za/ [2024-06-16].