Paragomphus crenigomphoides Clausnitzer & Dijkstra, 2005
Ethiopian Hooktail

Type locality: Harrar [= Harer], Ethiopia


Male is similar to P. machadoi by (a) postdorsal stripes well-separated from collar; (b) anterior hamule hook-shaped; (c) cerci slender, at least 1.5x as long as S10; (d) epiproct longer, almost as long as S10 or longer, not so strongly curved upwards; (e) apices of cerci diverge, are thick, truncate, and often coarsely toothed; (f) epiproct does not reach midpoint of cerci, with distinct median knobs. However, differs by (1) being restricted to Ethiopia; (2) mesepimeron and metepimeron with broad whitish stripes, contrasting with yellower other pale markings; (3) costa pale, contrasting with dark brown Pt. [Adapted from Dijkstra & Clausnitzer 2014; this diagnosis not yet verified by author]

Habitat description

Streams shaded by forest. Probably often with a gravelly and/or sandy bottom. From 1600 to 2100 m above sea level.


confirmed: Ethiopia

Appendages (dorsal view)

Appendages (lateral view)

Thorax (lateral view)

Map citation: Clausnitzer, V., K.-D.B. Dijkstra, R. Koch, J.-P. Boudot, W.R.T. Darwall, J. Kipping, B. Samraoui, M.J. Samways, J.P. Simaika & F. Suhling, 2012. Focus on African Freshwaters: hotspots of dragonfly diversity and conservation concern. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment 10: 129-134.


  • Clausnitzer, V., and Dijkstra, K.-D.B. (2005). The dragonflies (Odonata) of Ethiopia, with notes on the status of its endemic species and the description of a new one. Entomologische Zeitschrift, 115, 117-130. [PDF file]

Citation: Dijkstra, K.-D.B (editor). African Dragonflies and Damselflies Online. [2019-05-25].