Pinheyschna subpupillata (McLachlan, 1896)
Stream Hawker

Synonyms:

  • scientific: Aeshna subpupillata

Type locality: Cape Province, South Africa

Diagnosis

Male is similar to P. rileyi by (a) stem of black mark on frons round and surrounded by pale area like bull’s-eye; (b) Pt 3.5-4 mm, over 8% of Hw length; (c) membranule dark, basal half distinctly white; (d) anal triangle of 3 cells, only rarely 2; (e) genital lobe elongate, apex rounded or truncate. However, differs by (1) ranging from Zimbabwe to South Africa; (2) relatively smaller size, Hw 39-41 mm; (3) space between lateral stripes with pale marking near Fw base; (4) costa pale yellow rather than brown, and many cross-veins near base yellow, including those in triangles, contrasting with dark surrounding veins (rather than all venation being uniformly dark); (5) genital lobe distinctly curved, rather than rather straight. [Adapted from Dijkstra & Clausnitzer 2014]

Habitat description

Streams in open landscapes, open areas in forest or shaded by gallery forest. Especially faster sections, usually with rocks, often dead trunks or branches, and probably overhanging branches. From 0 to 1900 m above sea level.

Distribution

confirmed: Mozambique; Republic of South Africa; Zimbabwe


Male © Damian Pinguey


Appendages (dorsal view)

Appendages (lateral view)

Abdominal segment 2 (lateral view)

Map citation: Clausnitzer, V., K.-D.B. Dijkstra, R. Koch, J.-P. Boudot, W.R.T. Darwall, J. Kipping, B. Samraoui, M.J. Samways, J.P. Simaika & F. Suhling, 2012. Focus on African Freshwaters: hotspots of dragonfly diversity and conservation concern. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment 10: 129-134.


Barcode specimen(s):


Adult, male; South Africa, Western Cape, Stettynskloof © Dijkstra, K.-D.B.


Adult, male; South Africa, Western Cape, Stettynskloof © Dijkstra, K.-D.B.


Adult, male; South Africa, Western Cape, Kogelberg Nature Reserve © Dijkstra, K.-D.B.


Adult, female; South Africa, Western Cape, Kogelberg Nature Reserve © Dijkstra, K.-D.B.

References

  • McLachlan, R. (1895) On some Odonata of the subfamily Aeschnina. Annals Magazine Natural History Series 6 17: 409-425.
  • Ris, F. (1921). The Odonata or Dragonflies of South Africa. Annals South African Museum, XVIII, 245-452. [PDF file]

Citation: Dijkstra, K.-D.B (editor). African Dragonflies and Damselflies Online. http://addo.adu.org.za/ [2018-02-19].